The Chicago Bar Association 150th Celebration


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Ray J. Koenig III, President, Clark Hill PLC John C. Sciaccotta , First Vice President, Aronberg Goldgehn Kathryn C. Liss , Second Vice President, DePaul Universtiy College of Law

Trisha Rich , Secretary, Holland & Knight LLP NinaFain , Treasurer, Janet S. Schirn Trust

Timothy S. Tomasik , Immediate Past President, Tomasik Kotin Kasserman, LLC Martin Gould , Young Lawyers Section Chair, Stinar Gould Grieco & Hensley

Louis G. Apostol , Public Administrator for Cook County Tracy Brammeier , Clifford Law Offices Margaret Mendenhall Casey , City of Chicago Nisha N. Dotson , Law Office of the Cook County Public Defender Naderh Elrabadi , Elrabadi Law Cynthia S. Grandfield , Del Galdo Law Group LLC Brian Haussmann , Tabet Divito & Rothstein LLC Justice Margaret Stanton McBride , Illinois Appellate Court Peter McNamara , International Union of Operating Engineers, Local 399 John Mitchell , KM Advisors Jeffrey Moskowitz , J. Moskowitz Law LLC Judge Mary Rowland , U.S. District Court, Northern District of Illinois Eirene Salvi , Salvi Schostok & Pritchard P.C. Brendon Stark , Illinois Property Tax Appeal Board Kevin Thompson , Levin Ginsburg Judge Allen P. Walker , Circuit Court of Cook County Matthew P. Walsh, II, Hinshaw & Culbertson LLP Anthony F. Fata , Kirbey McInerney LLP Josie Gough , Burke Burns & Pinelli, Ltd.

Howard Suskin , Jenner & Block LLP; General Counsel The Chicago Bar Association Beth McMeen , Executive Director, The Chicago Bar Association Mark Cellini , Controller, The Chicago Bar Association

A special thank you to the 2023-2024 CBA ÕËĖljÑ Editorial Board for authoring the historical recaps found in this program.

Celebrating 150 Years of The Chicago Bar Association

It has been a momentous year for the CBA. As we wrap up the yearlong celebration of our 150th Anniversary, I would like to take a moment to thank every one of you for your dedication to and support of the CBA. Our loyal members are the heart and soul of the CBA, and we are proud to provide many benefits and services to our member attorneys across the Chicago area. Together with our members, the CBA maintains the honor and dignity of the legal profession, cultivates relationships between members, and promotes the administration of justice and the public good. In our 150th year, we have much to look forward to and are grateful to celebrate the storied history and bright future of the CBA with you. Of course, we rely on our members' continued and generous support through dues renewal and sustaining membership to drive the CBA's mission, growth, and success. I wanted to take a moment to thank our dedicated committee of members, led by Judge Nichole Patton and CBA Executive Director Emeritus Terry Murphy, who have planned and overseen a year of special events, seminars and, of course, our celebration tonight at Union Station: Aurora Austriaco, Laurel Bellows, Daniel Berkowitz, Tracy Brammeier, Margaret Mendenhall Casey, Jeannine Cordero, Daniel Cotter, Alexis Crawford Douglas, Steven Elrod, Martin Gould, E. Lynn Grayson, Judge Robert Harris, David Hilliard, Daniel Kotin, Terri Mascherin, Maureen Mullen, John Sciaccotta, Larry Suffredin, Timothy Tomasik, Judge E. Kenneth Wright, Jr., and Kenya Jenkins-Wright. A note of appreciation is also given to CBA Executive Director Beth McMeen and the dedicated CBA staff. Our 150th Celebration sponsors have also helped to make this year a success. Thank you to: Clifford Law Offices, Jenner & Block LLP, Tomasik Kotin Kasserman, Tully & Associates, Aronberg Goldgehn, Holland & Knight, CBA Insurance Agency, JAMS, Valentine Austriaco & Bueschel PC, Taft Law, Elrod & Friedman LLP, ADR Systems, Katten Muchin Rosenman LLP, Nijman & Franzetti LLP, Laurel & Joel Bellows, and David C. Hilliard. On behalf of the CBA Board of Managers, thank you for your continued support of the CBA!

Ray J. Koenig III CBA President, 2023-2024


EDITOR’S BRIEFCASE BY JUSTICE MICHAEL B. HYMAN, EDITOR-IN-CHIEF 150 Candles and 3 Wishes F or 150 years, The Chicago Bar Association has been the home of the legal profession in Chicago, a source of fellowship, a voice for fairness and equity in the application of the law, and a catalyst for reforms on a wide range of legal issues. The CBA’s longevity attests to the bond between the Association and generations of lawyers. The CBA’s longevity fulfills the founders’ vision of bringing together lawyers for whom the law was more than a business—it was, and remains, a means to perpetu ate a just, productive, and caring society. The CBA’s longevity signifies that the CBA has been able to transcend its times and demonstrate a capacity to evolve while remaining true to its mission and the profession’s ideals. The CBA’s longevity highlights the leadership of 147 presidents, six executive directors (most recently, Terrence M. Murphy [1985-2020] and Beth McMeen), and a continuous stream of dedicated employees. In addition, the CBA has launched and nourished affiliated organizations such as The Chicago Bar Foundation, the Young Lawyers Section, the Alliance for Women, the Illinois Judicial Ethics Committee, the Illinois Lawyers’ Assistance Program, and Lawyers Lend-a-Hand to Youth, among others. There is more. From its beginning, the CBA strove to advance public under standing of and trust in the legal profession and the courts. It has sought to improve court operations; modernize rules, procedures, and practices; and reform outdated or ineffective laws. It has defended the independence of the judiciary and the rule of law. It has championed a democracy where everyone is accorded their fullest rights and freedoms. And, while the Association persisted with discriminatory member ship practices for way too many years, it made amends and has become an exemplar of inclusion and diversity that reflects our nation’s highest values and aspirations. All told, the CBA’s founders bequeathed an enduring legacy deeply rooted in the legal, political, and social history of the City of Chicago and the State of Illinois, a history today’s members inherited and fortify for future members to inherit and fortify, ensuring our beloved Association’s continuity. At age 150, The Chicago Bar Association has been faithful to poet Emily Dick inson’s observation of turning “not older with the years but newer every day.” Three Wishes What would you wish for the CBA as it moves into its fourth half-century? Here are my three wishes. My first wish is for the CBA to be at the forefront of integrating and using new technologies in the workplace and the courthouse, thereby facilitating the continu ing evolution of the legal profession. The viability of bar associations requires an openness to doing things in new ways, paying closer attention to member needs, and planning for the consequences of artificial intelligence. Generative AI, still in its


Justice Michael B. Hyman Illinois Appellate Court

ASSOCIATE EDITOR Anne Ellis Council of State Governments Justice Center

SUMMARY JUDGMENTS EDITOR Daniel A. Cotter Howard and Howard Attorneys PLLC YLS JOURNAL EDITORS Jacob B. Berger Tabet DiVito & Rothstein LLC Nikki Marcotte Kirkland & Ellis LLP Carolyn Amadon Samuel, Son & Co. Daniel J. Berkowitz Cruser, Mitchell, Novitz, Sanchez, Gaston & Zimet LLP Amy Cook Amy Cook Law LLC Nina Fain Janet Sugerman Schirn Family Trust Anthony F. Fata Kirby McInerney LLP Clifford Gately Quarles & Brady Meredith A. Geller Northwestern Pritzker School of Law Judge Jasmine Villaflor Hernandez Circuit Court of Cook County Kaitlin King Hart David Carson LLP Theodore Kontopoulos Internal Revenue Service John Levin Kathryn C. Liss DePaul University College of Law Bonnie McGrath Law Office of Bonnie McGrath Clare McMahon Reed, Centracchio & Associates, LLC Pamela Sakowicz Menaker Clifford Law Offices Kathleen Dillon Narko Northwestern Pritzker School of Law Alexander Passo Latimer LeVay Fyock LLC Adam J. Sheppard Sheppard Law Firm, PC Richard Lee Stavins Robbins DiMonte, Ltd. Rosemary Simota Thompson

Judge E. Kenneth Wright, Jr. Circuit Court of Cook County

THE CHICAGO BAR ASSOCIATION Sharon Nolan Director of Marketing

infancy, is primed to revolutionize the legal profession, reshaping everything from the roles and responsibilities of lawyers to legal research and drafting, client interaction, law school training, the shape and size of law firms, and access to legal services. Next, technology has a negative side for lawyers, such as fewer in-person interactions, feelings of disconnection with the human aspects of the profession, and a loss of enjoyment in practicing law. Recognizing these dynamics, my second wish is for the CBA to enhance the values that define its legacy and

deepen the spirit of community and camaraderie so essential to a vibrant bar association. My final wish is for you, our members. I wish you to stay involved in the CBA throughout your career and beyond and annually engage in at least one (hopefully more) of the Associa tion’s committees and activities that resonate with you. Strength ening your ties with the CBA uplifts both you and the CBA.

Now, let’s blow out the candles.

CBA Anniversay Celebration 5K Run/Walk The CBA welcomed 400 runners, walker and volunteers to its inaugural 5K Run/Walk in celebration the CBA’s 150 th Anniversary. Proceeds from the event will benefit The Chicago Bar Foundation.

Chief Judge Pallmeyer, U.S. District Court, Northern District of Illinois, and Julie Justicz, Legal Council for Health Justice.

Golden Law team

Clark Hill PLC team

Event Co-Chairs Daniel Berkowitz, Cruser, Mitchell, Novitz, Sanchez, Gaston & Zimet, LLP, and Maureen Mullen, Katten Muchin Rosenman.

Thank you to our volunteers!

CBA Honors Robert A. Clifford with Inaugural Champion of Justice Award By Terrence M. Murphy, CBA Executive Director Emeritus

A t the 2023 Annual Meeting, Immediate Past President Timo thy S. Tomasik announced that Robert A. Clifford would receive the inaugural Champion of Justice Award at the CBA’s 150 th Anniversary Celebration. As Co-Chair of the 150 th Anniversary Committee, I am proud that the CBA has created this annual award in Clif ford’s name. This new award honors CBA members whose integrity, character, trial advocacy skills, length of professional experience, and dedication to preserving judicial independence reflect the highest ideals and standards of the legal profession. The CBA's President and members of the Executive Committee will serve as mem bers of the Award Committee. The Robert A. Clifford Champion of Justice Award will be presented for the first time to its namesake at the Associa tion's 150 th anniversary celebration. In future years it will be presented at the CBA Annual Meeting. The honoree has a stellar career and legacy of service to the Association, to the legal profession, and to numerous chari table and educational institutions and the community. Since graduating from DePaul Uni versity's College of Law in 1976, Clifford has been actively engaged in the work of the Association. He has served on numer ous committees, the Board of Managers, as a member of the Executive Committee, and as President during the 2011-2012 bar year. During his presidency, Clifford focused on many of the important issues facing the legal profession and the public, including legal education; federal funding for local, state, and national legal service

Justice Michael A. Bilandic: “I'll never forget Justice Bilandic’s words. ‘None of us succeeded on our own, and I have stood on the shoulders of many whose help and friendship has been invaluable.’” Judge Abraham Lincoln Marovitz: “If I hadn't been extended a helping hand, I'd have wound up a punch-drunk prize fighter instead of a federal judge. The only thing a person can do by himself/herself is fail. My mother instilled in us the neces sity of doing a mitzvah, a good deed for people, every day.” Clifford is highly regarded in Chicago, throughout Illinois, and beyond, as one of America's most talented and successful trial lawyers. He has been recognized as one of the “Best of the Best” trial lawyers in national and international legal com munities. Indeed, Clifford is what many people call a “universal donor.” He and his wife, Joan, are a lifelong team, and together they have made the CBA and numerous other organizations better because of their leadership and generosity. Goethe perhaps said it best, “Who would be great must concentrate their powers, must work within the limits of their art; and it is the law alone that can give us freedom.” This honor will remind all of us that we too can make a difference if we care and if we can get others to care as well. The Champion of Justice Award is a fit ting tribute to Clifford’s lifelong commit ment to the CBA and to America’s legal profession. On behalf of myself, President Ray Koenig, the Executive Committee, the Board of Managers, and the Associa tion’s entire membership, we say, “Thank you, Bob, thank you very much!”

organizations; judicial disqualification and the preservation of Judicial Indepen dence; reengineering Illinois courts; law practice management; and mentoring. The latter topic is particularly impor tant to Clifford; in one of his president's columns entitled “The Gift of Mentor ing,” he referenced several Chicago lawyers and judges who were his lifelong mentors and friends. Clifford attributed much of his success to the training, guidance, and friendship he shared with them. His men tors included some of the best lawyers in Chicago, including trial lawyer and CBA past President Philip H. Corboy; Illinois Supreme Court Chief Justice and former Chicago Mayor Michael A. Bilandic; and United States District Court Judge Abra ham Lincoln Marovitz. In that column, Clifford memorialized the role that each of these mentors played in his career: Philip H. Corboy: “I learned a great deal about the law, trial work, and life from Phil, who became my mentor and lifelong friend.”

The Chicago Bar Association, founded in 1874, has officially begun the yearlong celebration of its 150th anniversary. As the CBA marks a century and a half of championing justice, building connections, and making an impact, we have much to look forward to. Members will enjoy special CLE offerings and programming throughout the year, culminating with a grand celebration on May 10 in the Great Hall at Union Station. You can keep abreast of upcoming events at I also hope you enjoy the historical recaps that will appear in 25-year increments in the next six issues of the CBA Record . The articles will examine the CBA’s storied history and share interesting factoids about our association. I look forward to seeing you at a celebratory event this year, Beth McMeen, CBA Executive Director

CBA 150th Anniversary Celebration The Early Years, 1874-1899 By Lynn S. Kopon

T his bar year, 2023–2024, marks the 150th anniversary of The Chicago Bar Association! The CBA Record will celebrate the anniversary in each bi monthly issue this bar year, beginning here with the first 25 years. The schedule of events to celebrate our anniversary year can be found at The celebration will culminate with a gala event in May 2024, presenting a special moment to consider our history, remem ber our responsibilities, and commit to our future. Formation The CBA was organized in 1873 with three founding principles: to maintain the honor and dignity of the profession, to cultivate social intercourse among its members, and to increase its usefulness in promoting the administration of justice. As we review our history, we understand how these principles have informed the CBA’s efforts over the years in champi oning justice, helping our members, and impacting our Chicago community. Today’s CBA is not the same associa tion that was brought to life 150 years ago on November 3, 1873, when 42 men met in downtown Chicago: All 42 put their signatures to a docu ment underscoring a solemn intent: ‘The undersigned members of the Bar of the City of Chicago, believing that the organized action and influ

ence of the legal profession, properly exerted, would lead to the creation of more intimate relations than now exist, and would… sustain the pro fession in its proper position in the community, and thereby enable it in many ways to promote its own inter ests and the welfare of the public, do hereby mutually agree to unite in forming an association for such pur poses.’ This quote and the ensuing historical information are attributed to journal ist and author Herman Kogan’s book on the CBA’s history (Kogan, Herman, T he First Century: The Chicago Bar Association 1874-1974, Rand McNally & Company, 1974). We are indebted to Kogan for this richly documented story of the first 100 years of our association. The Association’s constitution was signed on March 14, 1874. The found ing principles of the CBA (to maintain the honor and dignity of the profession and to promote the due administration of justice) were realized with the CBA’s early efforts to bring lawyers into the pro cess of selecting judges. Foremost in this participation was the desire to remove the selection of judges from the winds of politics and to select candidates based on honesty, ability, and impartiality. In 1873, leading members of the Bar joined with involved citizens to successfully back five incumbent judges in a contest with little

Cover of Association charter. Source: The Chicago Bar Association

political interference. These early efforts to protect our judiciary began a long and illustrious effort by the organized bar to foster and protect an impartial and capa ble judiciary. Myra Bradwell: First Woman to Pass the Illinois Bar Exam In stark contrast to today, there were no women lawyers in Chicago when the CBA was formed. Kogan’s history recounts the story of Myra Bradwell and her publica tion, Chicago Legal News. Bradwell advo cated for equal rights for women, women’s suffrage, property rights, barring discrimi nation in employment, and admission of women to law school. She studied law and passed the exam before the Circuit Court Judge in Chicago and was certified to the

State Supreme Court for admission to the bar; however, the Illinois Supreme Court rejected her application because she was married, due to the “disability imposed by marriage.” Although Bradwell filed a brief citing many cases to the contrary, the Supreme Court again rejected her admission, this time not because she was married but because she was a woman. She compared this decision to the U.S. Supreme Court decision in the Dred Scott case, 60 US 393 (1856), and called it “annihilation” (Kogan, p. 28). Bradwell filed a petition to the U.S. Supreme Court for a writ of error, and in May 1873, the Court affirmed the Illinois Supreme Court, 83 US 130 (1873). They held that practicing law was not a privi lege belonging to citizens of the United States that individual states were prohib ited from abridging. Although Bradwell was enjoined from practicing law, she continued to advocate for other bar applicants, particularly Alta M. Hulett. Having been denied admission to law school, Hulett prepared a bill provid ing that no person could be precluded or debarred from any occupation on account of sex. That bill passed in March 1872, and Hulett was subsequently admitted to the bar. Bradwell too was finally admitted to the bars of the Illinois Supreme Court in 1890 and the U.S. Supreme Court in 1892, but she never practiced. The first President of the CBA was Wil liam C. Goudy, an experienced lawyer from Springfield, IL. Earlier in his career, he campaigned for U.S. Senate as a Dem ocrat and opposed Abraham Lincoln, calling for the President to withdraw his Emancipation Proclamation. Goudy was revealed to have been a member of a secret pro-South organization known as Knights of the Golden Circle; however, after the Civil War, Goudy abandoned politics and concentrated on legal matters. Equally prominent in the early Bar Association were CBA vice-presidents Lyman Trumbull and Thomas Hoyne, both members of the drafting commit tee for the Association’s constitution and William Goudy: First President of The Chicago Bar Association

Grand Pacific Hotel, the scene of early Association dinners and and the early home of the Appellate Court of Illinois. Source: Kogan, Herman, The First Century: The Chicago Bar Association 1874-1974

bylaws. Trumbull was a foe of slavery and a proponent of the 13th Amendment and the Civil Rights Act of 1866, the first legislation pledging equality to Black citizens. Hoyne was a man “thoroughly respected, not only as a lawyer but as a citizen” (Kogan, p. 39). In 1877, the CBA noted two solid accomplishments. Julius Rosenthal, librar ian of the Chicago Law Institute, submitted a bill creating the Probate Court of Cook County. That same year, the CBA sponsored an Act that organized the Appellate Court into four districts: Cook County, Northern Illinois exclusive of Cook County, Central Illinois, and Southern Illinois. During this time, noted jurist Joseph M. Baily began to teach law classes in his chambers after court hours. These classes expanded and soon assumed the name of the Chicago Evening College of Law, the genesis of Chicago Kent College of Law. In 1886, after several years of lag ging membership, the CBA experienced a revival, adding 45 new members to the ranks and resuming the annual din ners that had been cancelled after 1880. This revival was important as Chicago was facing social unrest, a growing pop ulation, and the continuing need for an organized bar to uphold the standards of practice and focus on the equal adminis tration of justice throughout the city.

Haymarket Square Riot The famous Haymarket Square riot occurred on May 4, 1886. Two thousand people had gathered to speak and protest police and others whom the protesters believed were responsible for the clash the previous night at the “strike-bound McCormick harvester works” (Kogan, p. 65). Speakers were addressing the crowd, which included citizens, anar chists, unionists, laborites, and others. As police came to disperse the crowd, and as the speaker was telling the police that the assembled crowd was “peaceable,” a bomb was thrown. The explosion killed several police and injured others. In the ensuing chaos, the police rounded up hundreds of people, some acknowledged anarchists, some suspected, and many innocent citi zens who were taken from their homes without warrants and held without bail. Hundreds were held, and public senti ment was high in condemning anarchists and labor activists. Of those arrested, eight men were held and brought before the grand jury. On May 27, 1886, these men were indicted as accessories to the murder of policeman Mathias J. Degan. The indicted men were condemned in the press, including the New York Times and the Philadelphia Inquirer . It seemed impossible to find counsel for the Haymarket defendants in such an

counsel for the accused. Kogan relates that the longer Black tried to secure coun sel, the more “indignant” he became that the defendants might go to trial without representation. Black went to see Circuit Court Judge Murray F. Tuley, a respected jurist. Black explained that the fee offered was very little and the jeopardy to his career was clear. He asked the judge for advice. The judge replied that since the men had offered a retainer to the extent of their ability, Black’s duty to the profession and to himself demanded that he accept the case and undertake the defense. Black acknowledged that he felt it was his duty and accepted the case. This was a coura geous commitment by a member of the Bar. Black recognized his duty to the pro fession and to the law, and he undertook the defense in the face of jeopardy to him self, his family, and his practice. The trial of the Haymarket Eight began on July 15, 1886, before Judge Joseph E. Gary. The prosecutor, Julius S. Grinnell, argued that even if the defendants did not throw the bomb, they were guilty of engaging in conspiracy against society and the rule of law. Black’s defense was based on lack of evidence. The defendants were found guilty; seven received death sen tences, and one received 15 years. A series of legal steps were taken to attempt to save the men from death. Governor Richard Oglesby commuted two of the defendants’ sentences to life in prison. Another defen dant took his own life. The remaining four were hanged in the Cook County jail yard. A CBA dinner in honor of Judge Gary revealed strong support for the judge’s actions against anarchy. Despite this, a reaction was growing against the outcome of the case. A petition for clemency for the remaining Haymarket Square defendants circulated, with prominent CBA mem bers among the signatories. The remain ing defendants were pardoned in 1892 by Governor John Peter Altgeld, who cited the conduct of the trial and the lack of evidence to prove guilt.

of children in the justice system. The CBA was asked to form a committee to survey the situation, headed by Harvey Hurd, an abolitionist and humanist concerned with child welfare. The CBA sponsored a bill, called An Act to Regulate the Treatment and Control of Dependent, Neglected, and Delinquent Children, which was signed into law on April 21, 1899. This law created the Cook County Juvenile Court, the first of its kind not only in the United States, but in the world. The 25th Anniversary of the CBA was celebrated with a banquet at the Palmer House, a gala event attended by most of the members – now numbering close to 700. Noted accomplishments of the first 25 years included the organization of the juvenile court; a committee to initiate action to disbar unworthy practitioners; a new state revenue statute; and a com mission to revise the code of practice and procedure to increase vigilance in law yers and judges. In 1897, the Association asked the Supreme Court to establish the State Board of Law Examiners. Two years later, a bill was passed, making the illegal practice of law a misdemeanor. The CBA’s first 25 years saw member ship grow from 42 in 1874 to around 700 in 1899. This growth attests to the benefits of an organized bar association in Chicago to maintain the standards of the legal profession, to foster an esprit de corps among Chicago’s lawyers, and to continue to serve the equal adminis tration of justice. By joining with other members of the bar, we find strength and wisdom to pursue justice, provide repre sentation, advocate for the unempowered, and uphold our duty to the law and to our community.

atmosphere. A prominent physician, Dr. Ernst Schmidt, organized a committee to secure representation for them. Schmidt was sympathetic to the plight of work ers but advocated against the use of force in securing labor reform. He approached William Perkins Black, a well-known citi zen with a promising legal career, to take on the defense of the Haymarket eight. Black initially declined, saying he did not have the criminal law experience nec essary to take the case. However, Schmidt explained that two other prominent law yers had already declined. Black ultimately promised to assist Schmidt in retaining Farwell Hall on Madison Street west of Clark, where the Association moved in 1875. Source: Kogan, Herman , The First Century: The Chicago Bar Association 1874-1974

Lynn Kopon, Kopon LLC, is a member of the CBA Record Editorial Board.

Special thanks to CBA Record Editorial Board Member Kathleen Dillon Narko for curating the personal member reflections included with this article on page 26.

Juvenile Court Created, 19th Century Closes

As the 19th Century ended, efforts were underway in Chicago to address the plight



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A Home The Association's


CBA first Annual Dinner at Grand Pacific Hotel, Jackson & LaSalle Streets. Impressionists organize in Paris.

initial headquarters was a suite of rooms in the Brown's Building at Clark and Madison and consisted of one meeting room, a dining room open until 3:30 p.m. and two small parlors for smoking and relaxing from 9:00 a.m. - 9:00 p.m. In 1875, its headquarters moved to Farwell Hall on Madison Street west of Clark Street.


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CBA sponsors bill creating Probate Court of Cook County as well as Act to organize the Appellate Court into 4 Districts.

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Haymarket Square Riot CBA member undertakes representation of defendants at trial.

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Statute of Liberty Dedicated

Juvenile Court CBA’s April 1899 draft legislation to establish a Juvenile Court, written by member Harvey Hurd, was signed into law establishing the first Juvenile Court in the world. ¨ǝȒɎȒ ƬȸƺƳǣɎ٥ !ǝɖƬǸȅƏȇ ٯ ɀ ¨ǝȒɎȒɀ Ȓȇ áȒȸƳ¨ȸƺɀɀ٥ !ǝǣƬƏǕȒ zȒɀɎƏǼǕǣƏ ƏȇƳ xƺȅȒȸƏƫǣǼǣƏ


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Henry Ford Unveils First Automobile

Complete CBA timeline available at

Reflecting on My CBA Experience

A few of the reasons I belong to the CBA: O The sense of community, purpose, and service, at once fulfilling and motivating. O The camaraderie and sharing of perspectives, talents, viewpoints, and interests with lawyers from diverse practice areas, experiences, and backgrounds. O The collective approach to advancing policies and initiatives benefiting the law, the administration of justice, and the legal system. O The engagement in cultivating diversity and inclusion in our profession, infusing social equity and equality in our community, and ensuring access to justice and fairness in our courts. O The commitment to better each member’s career, self, and soul. Justice Michael B. Hyman , Member since 1977, Illinois Appellate Court, former CBA president, and Editor-In-Chief of the CBA Record I joined the CBA in 1993 when I auditioned for the Bar Show after graduation. There was no way to predict over 30 years later that I made the best friends, have had a blast performing, and partici pated in many CBA events/CLEs. The CBA is about bettering the profession; it’s also about the relation ships we make – many that span a full career. Kate Kelly, Member since 1993, United States Department of Justice, and Bar Show cast member I got involved with the CBA as a mid-career attorney looking to develop leadership skills. After re-engaging with the CBA, members welcomed me with open arms, and I hopped into planning events that benefit our community. Working with the Young Lawyers Section allowed me to lead a team of lawyers and develop marketable management skills. My career advancements are largely because of the network and leadership skills I built with the CBA. Margaret Mendenhall Casey, Member since 2013, General Counsel for the Community Commission for Public Safety and Accountability (CCPSA), CBA Board of Managers, and CBA @thebar podcast cohost

It can be hard to envision what the CBA will look like 25 years hence, if only because we know that there will be much about technology, fashion, politics, and cultural mores that will be distinctly different. But I also imagine that some things will remain the same. For example, I expect that the CBA will continue to offer numerous and unique events to allow members to connect to one another, assist one another, and build their respective professional networks. I expect the CBA will continue to offer varied and timely continuing education courses so members can keep up with the latest legal developments. I expect the CBA will provide myriad opportunities for its members to serve the legal community and the larger public in Chicagoland. I expect these things because they reflect the core values of the CBA and what it has to offer. And I don’t expect that to change. Daniel J. Berkowitz , Member since 2014, Member at Aronberg Goldgehn, Immediate Past Chair of Young Lawyers Section, and CBA Record Editorial Board Member

CBA 150th Anniversary Celebration Moving Ahead, 1899-1924 By Kathryn C. Liss

Rapid Increase in Chicago Attorneys by 1900

Spurred by massive industrial growth in the late nineteenth century, the need for lawyers expanded to address the issues and opportunities that accompanied all the new businesses as Chicago welcomed the new century. Over the span of 50 years, the number of lawyers practic ing in Chicago had grown from roughly 60 lawyers in 1850 to more than 4,300 in 1900. Additionally, the norm of solo practitioners and small firms began to evolve around the turn of the last cen tury into what we now consider “big law.” Larger firms were formed and continued to add new departments to address their corporate clients’ growing legal needs. For example, in 1906, Holt, Cutting & Sidley had four lawyers, four clerks, and a staff of 10. This firm is now Sidley Austin LLP, with 21 offices and more than 2,300 law yers worldwide. Judge Mary Margaret Bartelme was the first woman appointed Cook County Public Guardian in Illinois in 1897 and was appointed as a judge assistant in the Juvenile Court of Cook County in 1913 (see details in the July-August 2023 issue of the CBA Record regarding the CBA’s role in creating this institution, the first of its kind not only in the United States, but in the world). In March 1913, Judge Bar telme convened a special Girls’ Court in which she heard cases of delinquent and dependent girls, including sex workers. She encouraged a safe space in this closed court so the girls could talk freely about private matters with the all-female staff. First Woman Elected Judge in Illinois

She subsequently established three “Mary Clubs” for girls to live at in lieu of state institutions if they could not live with their parents. The first two Mary Clubs established in 1914 and 1916 accepted white girls. The third and final Club started in 1921 and accepted girls of color. More than 2,000 girls lived in Mary Clubs over a span of 10 years. In 1923, Judge Bartelme became the first woman elected judge to the Cir cuit Court of Cook County in Illinois and served for 10 years. She spent her entire legal career advocating tirelessly for children, particularly girls who were neglected. War Committee Although the U.S. did not enter World War I until April 1917 (it began in 1914), a Preparedness Movement had elected a judge in Illinois. Source: Kogan, Herman, The First Century: The Chicago Bar Association 1874-1974. Mary Margaret Bartelme (right) served first as an aide to the judge of the Juvenile Court and in 1923 began a 10-year term as a Circuit Court judge. She was the first woman ever

A s we celebrate the 150th anniver sary of The Chicago Bar Associa tion, the Record is publishing a historical recap in each bi-monthly issue throughout the bar year to commemo rate significant events and achievements. Our first 25 years were highlighted in the July-August issue, starting with the founding in 1874. This issue recaps the CBA’s second 25 years. Our sesquicen tennial celebration will culminate with a gala event on May 10, 2024, at Union Station’s Great Hall, featuring a special moment to consider our history, remem ber our responsibilities, and commit to our future. You can track all the celebra tory plans at Association headquarters at 105 West Monroe Street in 1908. Source: The Chicago Bar Association.

free legal advice to all men in uniform as well as their dependents. Members also provided pro bono work on welfare cases referred by the American Red Cross and handled appeals and requests for exemp tion from service. Within the subcommit tee’s first year, volunteers addressed and finalized roughly 3,000 cases. The second subcommittee oversaw unfinished cases by attorneys who were serving in the military. The third subcommittee raised funds for families of lawyers serving in the military. The final subcommittee provided speakers for patriotic rallies and Liberty Loan cam paigns.

first of only six Executive Directors in the CBA’s history (Clarence Denning, 1923 1952; Richard Cain, 1952-1964; Jacques G. Fuller, 1965-1973; John F. McBride, 1974-1985; Terrence M. Murphy, 1985 2020; and Beth McMeen, 2020-Present). Within the CBA’s second 25 years, the CBA and legal community rapidly grew in response to the increased complexities of emergent Chicago businesses as well as the new communities which contin ued to populate our city. By 1924, the CBA’s members soared to 3,492 (a gain of over 2,700 members since 1899). Despite some turbulent times during these years, the CBA and its members adapted and persevered, always advocating for justice, accessibility to justice for all, and service to our community. Clarence Denning served the Association for 50 years, many of them as executive secretary. Source: The Chicago Bar Association

been active throughout the United States prior to entry. The movement’s goal was to convince the country that American involvement in the war was necessary, and that ongoing military preparedness was needed. Chicago’s Preparedness Day Parade, held in June 1916, featured a lawyer’s division, spurred by a resolution from the CBA’s Board of Managers call ing on members to participate. Also in 1916, a CBA War Commit tee was created with 25 initial members. Committee chair Henry R. Rathbone traveled to New York, Washington, DC, and other Eastern cities to collaborate with other similar committees to deter mine how bar association members could best provide service. The War Commit tee ultimately was divided into four sub committees, which then drew upon the volunteer services of approximately 500 lawyers. The first subcommittee gave When the Association triumphed over the Thompson-London organization in the 1921 judicial election, the Record covered it in a front-page statement. Source: The Chicago Bar Association

Source: The Chicago Bar Association Record, Vol. 8 May 1925

First CBA Executive Director Clarence Denning was hired by the CBA in 1902 at age 23 and stayed with the CBA for 50 years. His first position was as an assistant to the librarian in charge of the CBA’s 6,000 books occupying two rooms in the CBA’s then-new location in the Chicago Title and Trust Building at Clark and Washington Streets. As an assistant librarian, he filled book orders, polished tables, and dusted books. Den ning worked his way up, acquired a law degree from what was then known as John Marshall Law School, and became the CBA’s first Executive Director (f/k/a Executive Secretary) in 1923. He was the

Kathryn C. Liss (Katie) is the Assistant Dean and Director of Law Career Services and the Executive Director of the Schil ler DuCanto & Fleck Family Law Center at DePaul Univer sity College of Law, CBA 2nd Vice President, and a member

of the CBA Record Editorial Board.

Did You Know? The CBA’s first Annual Meeting was held on December 30, 1874, at the Grand Pacific Hotel. The speakers included the Association’s First President William C. Goudy, Lyman Trumbull, Thomas Hoyne, and the United States Secretary of the Interior Orville Browning.




The CBA held its first “Bar Primary” at which members voted on preferred judicial candidates. Results of the primary were shared with the public.


CBA moved its headquarters to 105 W. Monroe Street. First CBA report on judicial candidate qualifications was issued. First issue of The Chicago Bar Association «ƺƬȒȸƳ was published, with Emil C. Wetten as the first editor. Ƹ ƸƷ The Illinois General Assembly adopted an amendment calling for the establishment of a Municipal Court in Chicago and in 1907 the Act was passed. The Association was a strong advocate for its establishment. Ƹ Ʒ

Committee on Defense of Prisoners In 1912 the CBA created the Committee on Defense of Prisoners (a/k/a Committee on Defense of Poor Persons Accused of Crime) to curate a list of volunteer attorneys who would serve as defense attorneys for indigent defendants. This Committee pre dated the formation of the Cook County Public Defender’s Office in 1930.


First motorized police patrol wagons were used during the garment workers strike.

Ƹ Ʒ The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was formed.

World War 1 begins. Ƹ Ƹ


The 1.5-mile- (2.4-km-) long Municipal (later Navy) Pier was built as a combination shipping warehouse and public recreation retreat.


Congress ratified the 18th Amendment, banning the manufacture, saleً and transport of alcoholic beverages under the National Prohibition Act.

American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) was created. Ƹ ƶƷ

Ƹ ƶ

Clarence Denning named First CBA Executive Director. CBA Continuing Legal Education Committee is formed. Mary Margaret Bartelme elected first female Circuit Court judge.

A New Home The CBA moved to the top floor of the 20-story Burnham building at the northwest corner of LaSalle and Randolph streets on June 4, 1924.

The CBA’s “Bar Show” (f/k/a Christmas Spirits) performs first musical roast and parody. Ƹ ƶ

Complete CBA timeline available at

Reflecting on My CBA Experience

Curated by Kathleen Dillon Narko, CBA Record Editorial Board Member

Why do I belong to the CBA? It opens doors! The CBA serves as the social and professional hub of Chicagoland’s legal com munity, embracing both law students and professionals. After law school, meeting new people and keeping up with continuing legal education becomes increasingly challenging. The CBA bridges the post-graduation gap by

Coming from out of state, unconnected to Chicago, let alone to its legal community, I began my legal career in 1968 at what was then a large firm. A few years later, I joined the in-house law department at the Quaker Oats Company.

At that time, I wanted to make sure that I would be able to return to private practice if “the Quaker thing” did not work out, so I joined and became quite active in the CBA, first in the YLS and then the broader association. While “the Quaker thing” actually did work out (I became General Counsel and stayed for 25 years), I was able, through the CBA, to interact with and get to know many of the city’s finest lawyers, learn new legal skills, make life-long friends, and give back to the profession and the community. I left Quaker just before it was acquired by Pepsi, and then spent nearly 10 years at Seyfarth Shaw. Later I was asked to become the General Counsel of the ABA, where I served for five years, and then briefly as the ABA’s interim Executive Director during a

offering a dynamic calendar of professional events and social functions that can help forge lifelong connections. It also offers in-person and on-demand CLE programs at little to no cost to members. I found employment at an AmLaw100 law firm through the CBA. Let the CBA open doors for you, too! Andre A. Hunter, Jr., Member since 2021, Director of the CBA Young Lawyers Section; Gordon Rees The CBA is one of the best organizations in Chicago’s legal landscape. Throughout my career, I have connected with the industry’s brightest attorneys thanks to the CBA’s vast network and leadership opportunities. I have also stayed abreast of

transition period. I emerged from a brief retirement to serve once again as an interim Executive Director, this time for the Legal Aid Society of Chicago. I have had a varied, satisfying legal career, all in Chicago. I attribute much of my success to the early support and education I received by being an active member of the CBA. Congratulations to the CBA on its 150th Anniversary! May it continue its good work for many years to come! R. Thomas Howell, Jr., Member since 1968, 1974-1975 Young Lawyers Section Chair

the law through easily accessible CLE programs and seminars that make the CBA an unparalleled legal resource. Community service is paramount to the CBA, and its dedication to those in need of legal assistance is reflected in its pro bono initiatives and Lawyer Referral Service. I’m proud to be part of an organization committed to both the legal profession and those it serves. Regina P. Etherton, Member since 1984, Chair of the CBA Lawyer Referral Service; Regina P. Etherton & Associates, LLC

The CBA has impacted my legal career in many ways. I became involved early on, editing YLS publications. I have met so many friends I now call family, and the CBA has provided me with leadership opportunities I might not have gained elsewhere. Plus, I have kept my substantive skills up to date through the Association’s amazing continuing legal education offerings. I joined the CBA as a law student and have been YLS Chair, CBA President, and Chair of the Insurance Law Committee. Daniel A. Cotter, Member since 1995, 2015-2016 CBA; Howard & Howard Attorneys PLLC

CBA 150th Anniversary Celebration The Middle Years, 1924-1949 By Daniel A. Cotter

A s we celebrate the 150th anni versary of the CBA, the Record is publishing a historical recap in each issue throughout the bar year to com memorate significant events and achieve ments. Our first 25 years were highlighted in the July-August issue, starting with the founding in 1874. The September October issue covered the next 25 years, up to the golden anniversary. This article takes us from the Roaring Twenties to the Great Depression, and through World War II and its aftermath. Our sesqui centennial celebration will culminate in a gala event on May 10, 2024, at Union Station’s Great Hall, featuring a special moment to consider our history, remem ber our responsibilities, and commit to our future. You can track all the celebra tory plans at

they had plotted to commit a murder that could not be solved, killed 14-year-old Bobby Franks. The Cook County State’s Attorney, Robert E. Crowe, prosecuted the case against them; Leopold and Loeb were defended by CBA member Clar ence Darrow. Crowe was a “Republican officeholder with whom the Association contended on various issues during the 1920s and later.” Darrow fought valiantly to show the inhumanity of the justice system, arguing for more than 12 hours. Ultimately, however, Leopold and Loeb were convicted. Helping the Indigent In 1926, the CBA’s Committee on the Defense of Prisoners developed a plan with Dean John H. Wigmore of the Northwestern Law School to assist indi gent people with their defense in criminal matters. Given the large number of people in Cook County who could not afford legal representation, the system had been overwhelmed. The program was success ful. In 1939, the Association established the Lawyer Reference Plan, the precursor to the current Lawyer Referral Service.

of judges running for election, dubbing them the “Moe and Crowe ticket.” Megan issued a statement saying judicial candi dates must have the highest qualifications. Their efforts were to no avail, and the war with the bench continued. In 1936, the Board of Managers sent a judicial canon to Chicago judges at all levels, remind ing them of the need to not campaign politically. Hearings were held but the stalemate continued into 1937, when the 43 judges who had quit or been expelled were invited back. Young Lawyers Committee The Young Lawyers Section was not founded until years later, but in 1935, the Association formed the Younger Mem bers Committee. It was established as a two-year trial and featured lower dues for younger members. In 1943 the Association established a rule that 20% of Committee members must be 36 years old or younger. Social events were the Committee’s focus until the 1970s. A Home for Years In 1936, property became available at 29 South LaSalle Street. The Board of Man agers approved its purchase, and the site remained the Association’s permanent headquarters for the next 55 years. (Current members still reminisce about the dining room, the cinnamon rolls served, and the benefits of the site as a gathering space.) The First Black Members In 1943, four well-known Black attor neys applied for membership: Archibald J. Carey, Jr.; Earl B. Dickerson; Rufus Sampson, Jr.; and William Sylvester White. The Association denied the appli cations. Charles Lieberman, a young

Leopold and Loeb The so-called “trial of the century” took place in the summer of 1924. Two wealthy University of Chicago students, thinking Rober E. Crowe poses for photographers when, as Cook County State’s Attorney, he directed the prosecution of Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb for the murder of Bobby Franks. Source: Kogan, Herman, The First Century: The Chicago Bar Association 1874-1974.

Clashing with Judges In 1933, President Charles P. Megan and the Association campaigned against a slate In the judicial elections of early 1933, the Association made use of billboards, among many devices. Source: Kogan, Herman, The First Century: The Chicago Bar Association 1874-1974.

lished in his honor. Jobs After the War

Glaves, has ensured access to justice in Chi cago for many years. Happy 75th Anniver sary to the Foundation! The Chicago Law Firm Growth Association Presidents during this period included many with ties to the cur rent legal community: Carl R. Latham (1927-1928); William P. Sidley (1930 1931); Henry A. Gardner (1934-1935): Harry N. Gottlieb (1942-1943); and Floyd Thompson (1943-1944). Thomp son served as an Illinois Supreme Court justice, and his firm eventually became Jenner & Block. He also appears to be the first person to serve as president of both The Chicago Bar Association and the Illi nois State Bar Association. Continued Growth This 25-year period, from the Great Depression through World War II and beyond, saw the Association continue to grow to over 5,700 members and to estab lish many of the committees and proce dures that, with changes, continue to be part of our Association today.

Over 1,000 CBA members who were unable to serve during World War II volunteered to work on production lines in the city’s war plants. Following the war, the Association helped lawyers find jobs, whether members or not. The Committee on Placement ran ads in the Record, and members received free stenographic services. The Committee on Constitutional Revi sion was formed in 1947. It was instru mental in passing the 1950 “Gateway Amendment,” which was designed to make it easier to amend the state’s 1870 Constitution. Even with the Gate way Amendment, passing amendments through both the state legislature and the electorate still proved difficult. (Ulti mately, a new Constitution was enacted in 1970.) Chicago Bar Foundation A crowning achievement during this period was the creation of The Chicago Bar Foundation in 1948. Past President Floyd Thompson was the first donor, financing the distribution of 80 standardized jury instructions approved by the Association. The Foundation, currently under the lead ership of long-time Executive Director Bob Committee on Constitutional Revision

lawyer working with others, including Elmer Gertz and Leon M. Despres, sued in the Circuit Court of Cook County for records related to the denial, arguing that the matter should be taken up by the full membership. President J.F. Dammann received a letter from Gertz and promised he would see that Blacks were admitted to the Association. In November 1945, Dickerson became a member. The annual Earl B. Dickerson Awards were estab The Association’s new headquarters graced the cover of the May 1949 CBA Record.

Daniel A. Cotter is Attorney and Counsel at Howard & Howard Attorneys PLLC, a member of the CBA Record Editorial Board, and Past President of the CBA.

As the 1940s ended, the Association celebrated its 75th Anniversary at The Stevens Hotel in downtown Chicago.

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