GLR September-October 2022


Cruising As an Institution F ELICE P ICANO

F ROMTHEAIR, Fire Island looks like a long, nar row sandbar keeping the Atlantic from the inner bays of south Long Island. While connected at its western end by a bridge to the state park, there is no highway, no thoroughfare of any kind, along its great length. A ferry ride of twenty to forty minutes is needed to arrive at any of the dozen or so settlements, and each community instantly presents itself as visually differ ent and unique—which they all are, often in unexpected ways. Jack Parlett’s Fire Island: 100 Years of a Gay Paradise pres ents the history in the form of literary portraits of writers and ed itors connected to either Cherry Grove or Fire Island Pines, the two gay communities in the center of that sunny sandbar. Par lett starts with the period 1882 to 1938 at Cherry Grove, from its beginnings through its bifurcation and near destruction by the great hurricane of 1938. Lesbian power-couple Natalia Danesi Murray and Janet Flanner (“Genêt” at The New Yorker ) and Natalia’s son William (whose father was the cofounder of the William Morris Agency) are here representing the kind of casually ultra-private sophisticates who summered at the Grove, resulting in its early artsy or boho image. An anti-fascist Italian gular relationship with Chester Kallman. Kodak photos show the poet, along with Christopher Isherwood and Stephen Spender, back together for the first time in over a decade, since their sex-filled German stay at pre-war Rügen Island. After World War II, gay and lesbian writers were all but trampling the sea-grape bushes of Cherry Grove. Edward Albee, Carson Mc Cullers, Patricia Highsmith, et al., made the Grove an ongoing martini and scotch party. Fun and local scandal erupted. Those palmy and rather innocent years were ended by Frank O’Hara’s still not-well-explained death by sand-going beach taxi. Oddly, the one section in that isn’t as satisfying as the oth ers is 1969 to 1979, which the author calls the “Halcyon” years. Yes, they were, but if you go by Parlett, you might wonder why. Perhaps the problem is that, as the author himself admits early on, he believes that he would find himself physically unfit to be among all those men. (Not so.) Or perhaps it’s the authors he chooses to briefly illustrate his chapter. Edmund White and Felice Picano’s latest novels are the duology Pursuit: AVictorian En tertainment (2021) and Pursued: Lillian’s Story (2022). book editor, Murray helped in the democratic reconstruction of postwar Italy, building the Rizzoli media empire. Later, relocating in the U.S., she headed up Rizzoli America during its best years. The next section, 1939 to 1969, focuses on writer Donald Wyndham and his partner Sandy Campbell, and then on W. H. Auden in Cherry Grove in the ‘40s, and on his sin

George Whitmore were never more than very occasional visi tors in that period. Andrew Holleran was gone before halfway through the decade. Not one of them led what could be called very “Halcyon” lives there. Instead, Parlett focuses on the Morning Party, a huge, pub lic fund-raising event on the beach held for the F. I. Pines Fire Department. But those who were in the know knew that another, large, “private” Pines party a week later was the real event to be at, and also more typical, coming as it did after a decade of large, “private,” famous F. I. parties, titled “Fellini,” “Carmen Miranda,” “Egyptian,” “Star Wars,” “Peacocks,” and “Cocka toos.” This writer was picking blackberries on Midway Walk when my neighbor invited me. Guy, Duc de Rohan (“my an cestor crowned Charlemagne”) and his lover had split up so he needed a date, and this was a celebration. The lover got the ad joining house with a pool, etc. The night of the event, Gladys Knight and the Pips in silver lamé jumpsuits were helicoptered in as entertainment. The adjacent pools were boarded over to be a dance floor, and the diving boards built up to become DJ booths. The invitation read “Just Another Party.” It’s almost impossible to convey the devastation wrought by fourth section, 1981–2000, titled “Plague.” Here the focus is first on Larry Kramer, who pretty much hated everything and everyone in the Pines. Once his contemp tuous book Faggots —with what Martin Duberman called its “primitive moralizing”—was published, Kramer went from someone just tolerated at the Pines to a persona non grata. Par lett does better when he shifts his focus to Vito Russo, who was a film maven extraordinaire, a lecturer on the topic for decades and author of the groundbreaking book The Celluloid Closet , the first book that did justice to the hidden and overt presence of homosexuality in films from the silent era to the time of its publication in 1981 (with a revised edition in 1987). First Russo’s partner got sick and died, and then he too was diag nosed, at which point Russo became a driving force for ACT UP, galvanizing meetings and on-site actions like the St. Patrick’s Cathedral “die-off,” which gained publicity, notoriety, and a massive membership, far beyond what Kramer had been able to achieve. Here the author of Fire Island —like documentary film maker Jeffrey Schwartz in his 2011 film Vito —misses Russo’s AIDS for the Fire Island community, which had indeed been celebrating as much as pos sible being gay for over a decade. Back in town after weekends on F.I., my CPA, my dentist, my barber, and everyone else used to enthuse about how amazing and fabulous, how freeing and ego-boosting, Fire Island was for them that past weekend. Parlett gets the first part, but not really the second, in the

Edward Albee, Carson McCullers, Patricia High smith, et al., made Cherry Grove an ongoing martini and scotch party. Fun and scandal erupted.

The G & LR


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